How to Properly Tune Up a Snowblower for the Season

How to Properly Tune Up a Snowblower for the Season

Preventative maintenance saves time and money

Winter is just around the corner, and it's time to prepare your snowblower for the upcoming snowfall. A properly tuned snowblower will ensure smooth operation and reliable performance throughout the season. In this article, we will guide you through the step-by-step process of tuning up your snowblower.

Step 1: Read the Manual

Before you begin any maintenance or tuning, it's crucial to read the owner's manual provided by the manufacturer. The manual contains specific instructions and safety guidelines for your snowblower model. Familiarize yourself with the parts, maintenance schedule, and recommended tuning procedures.

Step 2: Inspect and Clean

Start by inspecting your snowblower for any visible signs of damage, such as worn belts, loose or missing bolts, or damaged cables. Replace or repair any faulty parts before proceeding. Next, thoroughly clean the snowblower, removing any debris, dirt, or rust that may have accumulated during storage. Pay close attention to the chute, auger, and impeller areas.

Step 3: Change the Oil

Check the owner's manual for the recommended oil type and capacity for your snowblower. Drain the old oil and replace it with fresh oil according to the manufacturer's instructions. Proper lubrication is essential for the engine's longevity and optimal performance.

Step 4: Replace the Spark Plug

A worn or fouled spark plug can cause starting issues and poor engine performance. Remove the old spark plug and replace it with a new one of the recommended type and gap specified in the manual. A properly functioning spark plug ensures efficient combustion and reliable ignition.

Step 5: Check the Belts and Pulleys

Inspect the belts for signs of wear, cracking, or stretching. Replace any worn or damaged belts to maintain proper functionality. Additionally, check the pulleys for any misalignment or damage, and adjust or replace them as necessary. Well-maintained belts and pulleys ensure smooth power transmission.

Step 6: Adjust the Skid Shoes and Scraper Blade

Properly adjusted skid shoes and scraper blade are crucial for effective snow clearing. Adjust the skid shoes to the correct height, allowing the auger to make contact with the ground without causing damage. Ensure the scraper blade is level with the ground surface. This adjustment prevents the snowblower from digging into the pavement.

Step 7: Lubricate Moving Parts

Apply lubricant to all moving parts, such as the chute rotation mechanism, auger shaft, and control levers. Lubrication reduces friction, prevents rust, and ensures smooth operation during snow removal.

Step 8: Check the Fuel System

Inspect the fuel lines and connections for any leaks, cracks, or damage. Replace any faulty components to prevent fuel leakage and potential hazards. Additionally, clean or replace the fuel filter to maintain proper fuel flow and prevent clogs.

Step 9: Test Run and Final Adjustments

After completing all the previous steps, start your snowblower and let it run for a few minutes. Observe the engine for any irregularities or strange noises. Make any necessary final adjustments to ensure smooth operation and optimal performance.

Step 10: Store Properly

Once you have tuned up your snowblower, it's essential to store it properly for the season. Clean the snowblower thoroughly, removing any remaining snow or debris. Store it in a dry and covered area to protect it from the elements. Consider using a fuel stabilizer to prevent fuel deterioration during storage. Following proper storage practices will help extend the life of your snowblower.

Step 11: Regular Maintenance

Tuning up your snowblower is not a one-time task. Regular maintenance is key to keep it in top shape throughout the winter season. Follow the maintenance schedule provided in the owner's manual, which may include tasks such as oil changes, spark plug replacements, and belt inspections. By staying on top of maintenance, you can avoid unexpected breakdowns and ensure the longevity of your snowblower.

Step 12: Safety Tips

When tuning up your snowblower, it's important to prioritize safety. Here are some essential safety tips to keep in mind:

  • Always wear protective gear, including safety goggles, gloves, and sturdy footwear.
  • Ensure the snowblower is turned off and the spark plug wire is disconnected before performing any maintenance.
  • Work in a well-ventilated area to prevent the buildup of carbon monoxide fumes.
  • Avoid working on the snowblower on unstable or slippery surfaces.
  • If you're unsure about any maintenance task, consult a professional or an authorized service center.


Tuning up your snowblower before the season is crucial to ensure its reliable performance and longevity. By following these step-by-step instructions and prioritizing safety, you can properly tune up your snowblower and be well-prepared for snow removal during the winter months. Remember to always consult the owner's manual for model-specific instructions and maintenance schedules. Stay safe and enjoy the convenience of a well-maintained snowblower!

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